Monitoring, capacity-building and mainstreaming human rights within Somalia
- political process;
- peace and reconciliation;
- protection of civilians in the context of the armed conflict;
- ratification of international human rights instruments; and
- development of human rights-compliant legislative and policy frameworks, including at the level of the Constitution, establishment of a national human rights institution, and the strengthening of civilian police and the judiciary, among others.
The role of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
- Translated core human rights treaties and Universal Period Review documentation into Somali;
- Developed an advanced human rights curriculum for judicial staff and trained judicial instructors from across Somalia on human rights;
- Facilitated a human rights review of the draft Constitution, in collaboration with the Ministry for Constitutional Affairs, with the participation of civil society representatives;
- Documented sexual violence in camps for internally displaced persons in Mogadishu;
- Mainstreamed human rights in security sector development by advocating in relevant working groups for the protection of civilians, accountability of security forces, and treatment of ex-combatants in accordance with human rights law;
- Strengthened the national human rights protection system by providing technical advice on legislation and advancing the creation of regional human rights institutions in Somaliland and Puntland;
- Trained correction officers in Somaliland on human rights and rule of law.
- Trained staff from legal aid clinics in Somaliland on human rights;
- Assisted Puntland authorities with the development of a policy on internally displaced persons in line with international standards;
- Participated in pre-deployment trainings for troop-contributing countries to AMISOM; and
- Facilitated visits by the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia as well as a visit by the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women in December 2011.
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Somalia programme priorities for 2012-2013
- Combating impunity and strengthening accountability, the rule of law, and democratic societies, with an emphasis on institution and capacity building;
- Protecting human rights in situations of violence and insecurity, with a focus on the protection of civilians, internally displaced persons and journalists;
- Countering discrimination, with a special focus on discrimination against women and ethnic minorities;
- Supporting the signature, ratification and implementation of human rights treaties and facilitating Somalia’s effective cooperation with Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council; and
- Raising awareness about economic and social rights.
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights - Somalia page:
UN Documentation – Guiding the work of the UNPOS Human Rights Unit
Reports on the human rights situation in Somalia:
- A/HRC/21/36 (21 September 2012) – Report of the Secretary-General on "United Nations support to end human rights abuses and combat impunity in Somalia" presented at the Human Rights Council session on Somalia, on 28 September 2012. The report contains a number of observations and recommendations on human rights of high relevance to the UN in Somalia.
- A/HRC/21/62 (22 August 2012) – The annual report of the Independent Expert of the Human Rights Council on the Situation of Human Rights in Somalia, which includes a range of recommendations on how to improve the human rights situation in Somalia. They include stronger human rights monitoring, alignment of programmes to the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) recommendations, work on justice and improvement of detention conditions amongst others.
- A/HRC/20/16/Add.3 (14 May 2012) - Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Rashida Manjoo, following her visit to Somalia from 9 to 16 December 2011.
Human Rights Unit Publications in Somali:
- The Core International Human Rights Treaties
- Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Booklet
- Universal Declaration on Human Rights
UNPOS - UNICEF - UNODC report